1) LESSON ONE: Lucy to go over the teaching and video with mom together. Mom is a partner in Lucy's learning process. Mom to supervise & help with reading & studying the following material in this lesson. Student is to actually try each technique to determine best method before starting a project. Initially use inexpensive paper to test out each pencil grip method. Lucy should memorize what method name she is using on each of the art works. (example: if she used the #3 paint brush grip, or any combination of grips, she should know it when asked) Mainly... mom to read with student and become familiar with charcoal drawing methods to assure student has tried each method for discovery & exploration.
EASY WAYS TO DRAW IN CHARCOAL
Technically speaking, charcoal is burnt organic material. Usually the material is wood. There are a few types of charcoal used by artists to create a drawing. These types of charcoal include "vine" and "compressed".
Vine charcoal usually consists of burnt willow wood. Vine charcoal is easily spread on a surface and is very easy to erase. As a consequence, it is generally makes a lighter mark when you draw than compressed charcoal and easily smudges. (This may be a benefit.)
The Charcoal Art Kit
Compressed charcoal is held together by a gum binder and is darker than vine charcoal. As a result, it is harder to erase, harder to smudge, but makes a darker mark. Compressed charcoal may come as a round stick, a square stick, or in a pencil. (Vine charcoal is almost always a round stick.) Some compressed charcoal is pigmented. This is the case with white compressed charcoal.
When using charcoal to draw, a few tools will need to be at your disposal. First, you may need a variety of different types of charcoal- vine, compressed, pencil form. You will also want to have a kneaded eraser.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Lucy shall expand with experience. Please proceed with only the current supplies on hand. If the assignment is a success, Lucy may make a list of needed supplies after this assignment is completed.
Kneaded Eraser- A kneaded eraser is a special type of eraser that is designed to lift the material off of the surface. Kneaded erasers work especially well with charcoal.
Blending Stumps- You may also want to have a blending stump. A blending stump will allow you to have full control over the blending and smearing of the charcoal. You can create a blending stump by tightly rolling up drawing paper to a point.
CAUTION IMPORTANT: If you are drawing on a flat surface, it's also a good idea to have a paper towel handy. You can lay the paper towel between your hand and the surface of the drawing, so that your hand doesn't smear your work.
Vine charcoal and compressed sticks should be held differently in your hand than a drawing pencil. It will vary from artist to artist, but my suggestion is to hold the charcoal with your thumb and forefinger with your palm facing the surface of the paper.
This allows you to make marks using your shoulder and elbow instead of with just your wrist.
For detailed marks, a charcoal pencil can be used and held just like a traditional pencil.
Understand the importance of drawing with different grips. Once you are open to holding the pencil in different positions, your drawing may be greatly improved.
It’s no secret that the way in which you hold your drawing pencil will affect the marks that you make on the drawing surface. By holding the pencil the same way – all of the time – in all of your drawings – you are limiting what is possible as far as mark-making goes.
It’s also no secret that variety is an important factor in our drawings. Variety, one of the eight principles of art, creates interest in our drawings. It keeps us exploring the picture plane and makes our viewers more engaged in what we produce. In fact, Plato even acknowledged the importance of variety in artistic composition.
By holding the pencil in different ways, we can instantly create variety in our drawings. Beyond this however, expanding the possibilities of how the pencil is held will lead to new ways of making marks, expanding our drawing possibilities.
So, let’s look at a few ways that you can hold your pencil to create different marks in your drawing…
The traditional grip is exactly what the title suggests. This is the way that most of us have learned how to grip a pencil from the time we first started learning how to write. For many people, this is the only grip that is used for drawing. I’ll admit, this is still my "go to" grip. When I sit down to draw something, I’ll usually hold the pencil with this grip initially. It’s just natural to grab a pencil in the way that we are most familiar. But using this grip only limits what we can do with our drawings. The tip of the pencil is what makes contact with the surface. There is quite a lot of control with this grip, which makes it great for details.
2) LESSON TWO TRADITIONAL GRIP: Lucy to draw a simple creative idea of her choosing, utilizing only pencil grip #1 traditional. It could be a simple sample only; or whatever idea to demonstrate understanding of various pencil grips.. Be sure to mark the paper with Pencil Grip #1 for later review and grading.
Pencil Grip # 2 – The Drumstick Grip (My Favorite)
Now this grip is favorite for a couple of reasons. It’s not the grip that I use most often, but it’s one that encourages better drawing. More on that in a moment. I’m calling this grip "The Drumstick Grip". This grip is very similar to how one should hold a drumstick. The pencil is held loosely between the index finger and the thumb, while the other fingers act to stabilize the pencil. Holding the pencil in this manner allows for the marks to originate from side of the exposed graphite (or charcoal, or colored pencil), instead of the just the tip.
Now, why is this grip a favorite? This grip forces you to draw with your shoulder instead of just your wrist. This is essential to "loosening up" with your drawing, which will actually lead to better drawing. This grip is perfect for loose marks and laying out drawing for this very reason. For drawing large, this grip is – by far, one of the best. You can also create the greatest variety of marks using this grip as well.
3) LESSON THREE DRUMSTICK GRIP: Lucy to draw a simple creative idea of her choosing, utilizing only DRUM STICK pencil grip. Do not use any other grip on this sample. Be sure to mark the paper with Pencil Grip name & number for later review & grading.
Grip #3 – The Paint Brush Grip
With the "paint brush" grip, the pencil is held in a similar manner to holding a paint brush. The pencil is held upright and the back edge rests on the crease between your index finger and the base of your thumb. This grip is perfect for creating light and delicate marks. It’s also great for when you are making visual comparisons on the surface and laying out the composition. Generally the tip of the pencil is what makes contact on the drawing surface.
4) LESSON FOUR PAINT BRUSH GRIP: Lucy to draw a simple creative idea of her choosing, utilizing only PAINT BRUSH pencil grip. Do not use any other grip on this sample. Be sure to mark the paper with Pencil Grip name & number for later review & grading.
This grip is used for forceful applications of the material onto the surface. The midsection of the pencil is held between the middle finger and the thumb while pressure is exerted onto the tip of the pencil. The pencil lays almost parallel to the drawing surface, forcing the side of the tip of the pencil to make contact. The result is a strong mark that has potential for width variance. This grip is great for filling in large areas of the medium quickly. This grip also forces the use of the shoulder in the drawing process.
5) LESSON FIVE TIP HEAVY OVERHAND GRIP: Lucy to draw a simple creative idea of her choosing, utilizing only TIP HEAVY OVERHAND pencil grip. Do not use any other grip on this sample. Be sure to mark the paper with Pencil Grip name & number for later review & grading.
Grip #5 – The Inverted Grip
For this grip, the pencil is held by resting it upon the forefinger and stabilizing it with the thumb and lower fingers. The pencil should actually point back towards the artist. Marks are made with the tip and the backside of the tip of the pencil. This grip allows the artist to clearly see the marks as they are made since the hand and the fingers are out of the way.
6) LESSON SIX THE INVERTED GRIP: Lucy to draw a simple creative idea of her choosing, utilizing only THE INVERTED pencil grip. Do not use any other grip on this sample. Be sure to mark the paper with Pencil Grip name & number for later review & grading.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Before proceeding, lessons two through six should have produced 5 separate samples with only the one grip which should be marked on each drawing sketch. These 5 sketch drawings are to be turned in to Music And Art For Youth.
Which grip will you use most? Will you get stuck with a particular approach? It’s time to take action and start experimenting with different pencil grips. By trying out a few of these grips, you’ll start to see some improvement. It may feel a bit strange at first, but with a touch of practice you’ll start seeing the benefits of using ALL these grips in your drawings. It is important to keep an open mind in this learning process.
7) LESSON SEVEN "START 3 REAL CHARCOAL DRAWINGS": Use three creative ideas of her choosing, utilizing ALL pencil grips methods in each of her drawings. The charcoal drawings will be reviewed & graded. The drawings should be on high quality paper, fit to be framed. The subject matter should fill the paper area but leave 1 inch from the edge to allow professional framing later. Lucy Jane's signature should be clear, small, in the lower right, and non- obtrusive.
CAUTION: Be very careful of smearing with charcoal. Protect your paintings carefully, especially while drawing, and in storing & transport.
a) The Animal World Charcoal Drawing
b) The Plant World Charcoal Drawing
c) The People World Charcoal Drawing
8) LESSON EIGHT: Essay about this first experience in Charcoal Drawing: The essay must be 400 words or less, but no less than 100 words. Address the following in the essay:
a) What I like about Charcoal drawing
b) What I plan for future Charcoal Drawings
c) What is different about Charcoal Drawings compared to my paintings
d) How Charcoal Painting Fits In My Plan as a visual artist and why
e) What kinds of things I need to improve in my charcoal paintings
f) What additional supplies are needed in my next charcoal drawing (if any)
g) What the audience might like about my charcoal drawings at my next exhibit
ASSIGNMENT THREE CHARCOAL DRAWING ::: DATES FOR START & COMPLETION:
This was assigned on March 12, 2017. The entire assignment should be turned in & completed on April 15, 2017 target date.
"A Music And Art For Youth Art Assignment"
The Concert Art Shows are produced by Saint Pierre with the cultural arts in Ventura. Established in 2009, our mission is the convergence of the visual arts & the performing arts together. Our efforts benefit the artists and our fund raising cause: Music And Art For Youth" by helping the needy kids 9- 19 years old .